Static Concept

A static variable is one that’s associated with a class, not objects of that class.

Static is an access qualifier that limits the scope but causes the variable to exist for the lifetime of the program. This means a static variable is one that is not seen outside the function in which it is declared but which remains until the program terminates. It also means that the value of the variable persists between successive calls to a function.

void fun() { 
    static int fnvalue=0;//Executed once 
    printf(" \n%d",fnvalue++);// Value changed retains for next call 

By declaring a function member as static, you make it independent of any particular object of the class. A static member function can be called even if no objects of the class exist and the static functions are accessed using only the class name and the scope resolution operator ::. A static member function can only access static data member, other static member functions and any other functions from outside the class. Static member functions have a class scope and they do not have access to the this pointer of the class.